BIM adoption around the world: 8 countries under the microscope
Our colleagues from construction-manager.co.uk recently published a great article summarizing the progress of BIM in a few countries around the world, we have taken, translated and summarized this English article at the base in order to share it with the hexaBIMmers .
United States :
Despite the federal system of the United States and its 50 different legislations, the BIM has not left the world indifferent on its adoption in this continent.
Basically there was no central mechanism between the different states, it was rather innovative initiatives of the GSA, the administration of general services, an independent agency of the American federal government created in 1949 to help the management and the functioning. other federal agencies. Other private institutions have also participated such as AIA (American Institute of Architecture), universities have played an important role as well.
Today more than 70% of construction players in the United States have already been doing BIM and have been doing so for ten years.
China is a huge construction site according to "Architectural Record", with its $ 375 trillion spent annually on construction, 55% of the concrete produced in the world and 36% of steel, local authorities estimate that this volume will go up. double in 2020!
Many Chinese architects have a real interest in sustainable construction, like China
pollution control. The reliability of BIM facilitates the evaluation of complex designs and analyzes that support key aspects of sustainable design, all of which will balance China's construction growth with environmental interests.
Several challenges await publishers of BIM solutions in this market as immense as it is particular, to name just one, the marketing of products in this country where half of the software used is pirated!
This country has a particular BIM reputation, it is a center of global influence, its universities occupy the 3rd position just after the United States and Sweden in academic publications! The government collects these academic reports containing standards and protocols in order to adopt a general and global policy.
The construction of a new set of locks at each end of the Panama Canal adopted BIM from the start, as did the new Mexico City airport.
Brazil does not have the same massive growth as Qatar, but BIM is moving very quickly, said Mohamad Kassem, professor at Teesside University.
It is a particular country where one can find several companies from different countries working on the same project, Nashwan Dawood, also a professor at Teesside University, advises the government of Qatar on its BIM strategy, he said:
"There is a gap on the ground between the German, British and American standards adopted by the various construction companies in this country, it will be necessary to find a system which reflects the way in which the constructions will be carried out and managed".
For example, the levels of detail (LOD) defined by the American Institute of Architects are widely used by American engineers and consultants, they are not quite the same levels used by the British! A lot of work on a common protocol is needed.
Nordic countries :
Public sector BIM standards are already in place in Norway, Denmark, Finland and Sweden! Their BIM expectations are often more demanding in terms of interoperability compared to level 2 of the British BIM approach, so they put pressure on local solution providers, such as Solibri or Tekla.
In Finland, the Finnish Construction Confederation in 2002 put BIM as a central part of their technology strategy, people simply agreed to start working in the new way. They didn't even need to make any contractual changes given the size of the countries.
Singapore has the advantage of being a small market - like the Nordic countries - where it is easier to adopt new methodologies very quickly, said Arto Kiviniemi, professor of digital architectural design at the University of Liverpool.
In UK and US, you need to think about more formal and framed contracts. In Singapore, it is easy to push the whole industry to adopt new methodologies. A survey in 2013 showed that 76% of companies are already using BIM, this is expected to increase to 96% by this year!
Singapore is a world leader in digitizing and automating the issuance of building permits!
The Germans have a particular problem especially architects and engineers, they have a working method and a schedule of costs predefined in advance, the change imposed by the BIM protocols will disrupt the way of working and it is not obvious in a country where everything is defined and protected by law.
This does not mean that the Germans are late in adopting BIM, conversely, German companies are the leaders in the world, Zublin and Hochtief for example are particularly advanced in BIM, and very active in the Middle East!
And France to finish:
"After several years of neglect, suddenly the government woke up!" said Angelo Ciribini, professor at the University of Brescia.
France recently took a step forward in BIM, with the creation of "The Digital Transition Plan In The Building", mandated by the Ministry of Housing, this group aims to develop 500 constructions in 000 using the BIM.
According to Mr. Ciribini, the relative size of construction companies in France gives them more control over the standards and protocols put in place than their British counterparts: “With a turnover of 16 billion euros, Vinci can influence the way how things go and the way the government does things, it's a huge business. "
In 2014, France launched a research project on BIM for the infrastructure sector, MINnD, Modeling of Interoperable INformations for Sustainable INfrastructures, its role is to develop open BIM standards for infrastructure projects, funded by companies and suppliers such as Bouygues and Lafarge.
Finally, here are the google search trends for the word "BIM building information modeling" in some of these countries: